Securing Your Worksites - Preventing Hazards
Construction and public works sites involve many participants simultaneously or successively. This exposes workers to risks linked to the co-activity of companies and the overlapping of tasks.
Safety and health protection coordination on construction sites is essential for project owners from the design phase and during the execution of the work. It results from the obligations of the labour code, aimed at reducing the risks linked to co-activity on the site and subsequent interventions.
Role of a safety and health protection coordinator
The role of the SPS coordinator is to coordinate, plan and analyse simultaneous or successive installations in order to prevent risks related to co-activity and thus ensure the safety and protect the health of people working on a building or civil engineering site. In consultation with the project manager, it establishes the general safety measures and then monitors the implementation and compliance of the various parties involved with the measures taken.
Scope of application
Safety coordination is organised according to different categories of installations (article R. 4532-1). The regulations define 3 categories, depending on the level of coordination required.
Category 1: installations of more than 10,000 men x day (i.e. more than 80,000 hours or approximately € 4 million) with at least 10 companies for building operations or 5 for civil engineering operations
Category 2: installations of more than 500 men x day (i.e. 4,000 hours or approximately € 300,000) or 30-day worksite with a peak workforce of more than 20 employees and excluding category 1
Category 3: other installations
Installations falling under category 1 are subject to the obligation to set up an inter-company college for safety, health and working conditions (article R. 4532-77) or CISSCT, chaired by the SHP coordinator.
To these categories apply different provisions concerning the tools to be used:
general health and safety protection coordination plan (PGCSPS),
special health and safety protection plan (PPSPS).
Methodology of the mission
During this phase, the coordinator is associated with the operation and assists the contracting authority for the preparation of written documents for the project and the tender dossier. The coordinator's mission is to examine the solutions proposed for site safety.
Analysis of the general organization of the site and definition of the measures to be taken to reduce the risks related to the site environment.
Risk analysis related to construction to reduce the dangers of coactivity: GCP
Definition with the Client / Project Manager of the measures to be taken so that subsequent interventions are carried out under satisfactory safety conditions: FSWI
During the implementation phase, the coordinator monitors the application of the preventive measures provided for in the general coordination plan through:
Monitoring the implementation of the various provisions recorded in the GCP during the design phase
The development of a logbook retracing the various actions or information specific to the progress of SHP coordination
Update of the GCP and FSWI according to the reality and the evolution of the site
Good communication with the project manager and the various companies involved.
During the reception phase, the SHP Coordinator gives the Owner the complete FSWI containing all the elements necessary to ensure the future maintenance of the site in complete safety (Mandatory document to be established by the Owner).
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